Technology, and specifically the Internet, plays a vital role in our daily lives. From the highly sophisticated-looking web apps to the static single-page website, every website is a piece of software that a web developer builds.
Being a web developer is an attractive career path for many – In fact, it is one of the most handsome paying careers with high demand worldwide. However, the essentials of custom website development are much less clear. Today in this read, we’ll tell you about the programming languages for custom website development that you need to know before you start planning your career as a web developer. So, without any further delays, let’s start with the basic web development overview.
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Website Development Overview
So, what is web development? What does a web developer do? In simpler words, website development can be referred to as the process of building, managing, and modifying a website. If we break it down further, a website developer is responsible for keeping a website up and running and deploying updates to ensure that it works at its maximum potential.
But again, a job of a web developer may not limit up to just programming; they can be UX/UI designers, graphics designers, or even a content writer for that fact.
Let’s talk about the three types of web development.
3 Types Of Web Development
Front End Development
The frontend development is also known as client-side scripting. This type of development is primarily related to what an end-user or the audience experiences on your website. Technically, the code in the frontend of your website executes in the browsers and processes before it appears in front of the user when they access your website.
To make it easier for you to understand – your site elements such as the color palette, fonts, typography, contact forms, menus, and every other visual element are counted in the Front-end.
The backend development is also known as server-side scripting. By looking at its name, you can quickly tell that backend development is mainly related to what’s going on in the server or behind the screen. You can call it the brain behind the front end or the heart of your website in simpler words.
A backend developer has to make sure and organize data so that everything on the client side works seamlessly without any unnecessary hurdles.
Full-stack developers are those who hold expertise in both the frontend and backend areas of development. These people are responsible for the smooth working of both the server and client-side of the script. Typically, a full-stack developer has years of experience in both these fields.
Now you have a good idea of what development is. Let’s move down to the programming languages.
What Are Programming Languages?
Programming languages are an essential aspect of web development. Code is the heart and soul of your website because everything you see on a website, from functionality to even a minor element, is created using code.
Below we have discussed some of the programming languages for frontend and backend development.
Frontend Development Programming Languages
HTML And CSS
Not exactly considered the programming languages but the tools that pretty much determine how the frontend of your website would look at the users’ end.
In simpler words, you can say that HTML is a hypertext markup language that determines your website’s content structure. In contrast, the CSS would determine how it will appear on the screen. These two tools are essential ifyour want to create frontends that look completely stellar.
Bootstrap is a very common term in the mobile development area. It is a CSS framework widely used for creating websites with a mobile-first or mobile responsive approach. Millions and millions of websites over the Internet today are powered by Bootstrap. By looking at its popularity, it is safe to say that it is a frontend CSS framework that you must practice.
Now, let’s move down to some Backend development programming languages.
Backend Development Programming Languages
PHP is the most important and the most popular programming language for the backend. Developers widely use it to create web pages. If you’re interested in making a career in backend development, then PHP is the language you must start practicing.
Java directly competes with PHP when it comes to the popular backend programming languages. It is an object-oriented language that most developers prefer using to create their websites.
Ruby is another high-level programming language. Unfortunately, it cannot compete with the likes of Java and PHP when it comes to popularity. Also, the global community is comparatively much smaller as well. However, it is still a very useful language that you can leverage to create some feature-packed websites.
The best part about Ruby is that it can even be used to create applications.
A developer who has a firm grasp on Node.js is highly demanded and appreciated in website development.
There you go. Now you know about some important programming languages that are essential for custom site development. It is also worth noting that you might not need to necessarily work on them as some of them are meant to achieve the same purposes.
To end this, we’d say that website development or website maintenance is a highly professional skill that anyone can have. The best part is that you don’t need any university degree to start your career as a developer – it’s all about a willing mind, tons of practice, and dedication.